It is well known that cellular glass is used for the thermal insulation of the bottom of all kind of tanks for liquified (cold) gas. Most tanks are built for Liquified Natural Gas at -162°C. Thermal insulation is needed to avoid as much as possible boiling off. In case of the bottom, the thermal insulation has to be load bearing. Today, cellular glass is the only candidate for this task.
Besides ZES FOAMGLASS, also GLAPOR is entering this market. The slightly higher thermal conductivity compared to more expensive variants is compensated by a larger thickness, which becomes negligible on the full dimensions of the tank. The larger Europallet dimensions allow a faster installation of the cellular glass.
To be able to install the GLAPOR cellular glass blocks, hot bitumen or a bitumen felt can be used. According to their impressive reference list, IKO is able to deliver the right bitumen felts. In their reference list, Pluvex No1 is used for cryogenic applications. In the CE-Declaration-of-Performance-Pluvex-DPC, we find also PLUVEX Tankbase DPC, which is polymer based. In a personal communication with IKO, we found out that about 70% of the tanks are built with Pluvex No1.
In all cases, the concrete walls are protected with cellular glass at the inside against a sudden leak of the cold liquid. Without this protection, the concrete wall should rupture. A well suited adhesive to adhere the GLAPOR cellular glass boards on the concrete is TEMATI 8182 which is a polyurethane based adhesive with imporved temperature behaviour.
A LNG terminal typically involves 5000m² thermal insulation. The larger GLAPOR boards with europallet dimensions 80 x 120 cm are reducing enormoulsy the installation labour and in that way the cost. Even larger dimensions (2.8 x 1.5m) can be considered if the boards are installed dry with a bitumen felt.
GLAPOR boards are directly foamed from recycled glass and can be sold at about 250€/m³ for very large quantities with a thermal conductivity about 25% larger than ZES cellular glass foamed from a special glass composition. For a slight increase of the height of the tank (less than 10cm), a serious cost saving is possible for the tank builder.