The first application of cellular glass was a floating device. During the war, harbors must be protected with curtains against submarines. The Germans had occupied Portugal, the major source of cork and closed cell cellular glass was the best alternative.
Later on, cellular glass became popular as a thermal insulation and this is today the real market. But it can also used as an acoustic absorber, today sold under the name REAPOR®. An acoustic absorber avoids echo, which is for example always a problem in open offices.
A less known application is to use it as kinetic energy absorber. Kafka, the famous Czech writer invented the principle of a helmet during his work for an insurance company. But a helmet can not avoid that the brains have an internal recoil, although your head is well protected. This recoil is a consequence of the elastic behavior of the helmet.
But if this helmet should have been constructed from cellular glass, your head will crush the cellular glass but there will be no internal recoil and brain damage would be less likely. The use of cellular glass as a kinetic energy absorber was already published in US2981317 patent of 1961 about safety seats at line 49. The specification non-elastic crushable is clearly given on line 46. The same is needed when a Formule 1 car looses control and hits the tires along the road. The recoil of the brains of the pilot can be the reason of medical problems afterwards although the outside damage can be relatively small. I am curious to know what density the cellular glass needs to have and which thickness is requested to let stop a car at 120 km/h without even a headache for the driver. I guess we will find reasonable values. The calculation can not be difficult: the kinetic energy of the car is used to crush the cellular glass = thickness * compressive strength * cross section of the car. The maximum allowed deceleration gives the compressive strength you need. Solution will be given in a next post.